Building Construction Rules In Bangladesh – Stay Up To Date

An Act to prevent haphazard building construction and tank excavation, which are likely to disrupt the planning of specific areas in Bangladesh.

Building Construction Rules are a crucial legal aspect in Bangladesh, particularly for property developers and builders. Bangladesh’s demand for new construction and infrastructure is rising, and the property development sector is expanding. With the increase in demand, there has also been an increase in legal issues involving property development and construction. Property developers and builders require legal safeguards to ensure that their investments are secure and that their projects are completed successfully. 

Today we are going to explore the building construction rules in Bangladesh. So please stick with me and learn the important rules that will help you on your next construction project.

Building Construction Rules in Bangladesh.

Figure 1 - Building Construction Rules in Bangladesh
Figure 1 – Building Construction Rules in Bangladesh

Building construction in Bangladesh is regulated by a comprehensive framework of laws and guidelines. It designed to ensure safety, sustainability, and orderly urban development. The key regulations include the Building Construction Act of 1952, the Bangladesh National Building Code (BNBC). 

It also includes various metropolitan building rules. These regulations cover a wide range of aspects from structural integrity to environmental impact. These make compliance essential for any construction project.

1. Building Construction Act, 1952

The Building Construction Act of 1952 is one of the primary laws governing building construction in Bangladesh. It outlines the legal requirements for constructing, maintaining, and demolishing buildings. The act ensures that all constructions meet the necessary safety standards and comply with urban planning regulations.

Key Rules:

  • Building Permission: You have to obtain permission from local authorities before starting your construction project. It is mandatory.
  • Inspections: Authorities have the right to inspect your buildings to ensure that you comply with safety and construction standards.
  • Legal Compliance: Any construction must adhere to the provisions of the act to avoid legal consequences.

2. Bangladesh National Building Code (BNBC)

The BNBC is a detailed document  It provides technical guidelines for the design, construction, and maintenance of buildings. It aims to ensure the safety, health, and welfare of the public by establishing minimum standards.

Key Rules:

  • Structural Design: Standards for the structural integrity of buildings, including materials, load-bearing calculations, and seismic design.
  • Fire Safety: Regulations for fire prevention, fire-resistant materials, and emergency evacuation routes.
  • Electrical Systems: Guidelines for safe electrical installations and maintenance.
  • Plumbing and Sanitation: Standards for water supply, drainage, and sanitation systems.
  • Energy Efficiency: Recommendations for energy-efficient building design and materials.

3. Dhaka Metropolitan Building Construction Rules

Specific rules apply to the capital city of Dhaka. Dhaka metropolitan building construction rules 2008 addresses its unique urban challenges. These rules help manage the city’s rapid urbanization and infrastructure demands.

Scope: This applies to all construction within Dhaka.

Key Rules:

  • Land Use and Zoning: Defines land use zones (residential, commercial, industrial) and specific building regulations for each zone.
  • Building Height and FAR: Controls building height and Floor Area Ratio (FAR) to manage urban density.
  • Setbacks and Open Spaces: Requirements for setbacks from property boundaries and provision of open spaces within plots.
  • Parking: Minimum parking space requirements based on building type and size.

4. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

For larger projects, conducting an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is mandatory to ensure that the environmental consequences are considered and mitigated.

  • Purpose: Identifies potential environmental impacts and outlines measures to mitigate them.
  • Requirement: Necessary for obtaining approval for large-scale projects.

5. Rajuk Building Construction Rules

The acronym RAJUK stands for Rajdhani Unnayan Kartripakkha (Capital Development Authority). It is a statutory body under the Ministry of Housing and Public Works that is in charge of planning and developing Dhaka city and its surroundings. RAJUK has the authority to approve or reject any construction project within its jurisdiction and to enforce DAP rules and regulations.

6. Approval Process

The approval process involves several steps to ensure that all building plans meet the required standards and regulations.


  • Application Submission: Detailed plans, including architectural, structural, and service drawings, must be submitted to the local authority.
  • Review and Approval: Plans are reviewed for compliance with all relevant regulations.
  • Construction Permit: Upon approval, a construction permit is issued, allowing the project to commence.
  • Inspections and Compliance: Periodic inspections during construction ensure adherence to approved plans and regulations.

Enforcement and Compliance

  • Local Authorities: City corporations or municipalities typically enforce building regulations.
  • Penalties: Non-compliance can result in fines, demolition of unauthorized structures, or legal action.

Key Considerations for Builders

  • Legal Compliance: Ensure all building plans and constructions comply with national and local regulations.
  • Safety Standards: Prioritize safety in design and construction to protect occupants and the public.
  • Sustainability: Incorporate sustainable practices and materials to minimize environmental impact.

Legal Protections for Property Developers and Builders in Bangladesh

Figure 2 - Legal Protections for Property
Figure 2 – Legal Protections for Property

1. Contractual Protections

By making sure that all contracts pertaining to their construction projects are enforceable and legally binding, property developers and builders can safeguard their legal interests. This includes agreements with suppliers, clients, contractors, and subcontractors.

Contracts should specify the project’s exact parameters, including deadlines, expenses, and deliverables. All parties must sign the contract and accept its terms in order for it to be legally binding.

2. Dispute Resolution Mechanisms

Disputes are common in the construction sector. Property developers and builders require legal safeguards to resolve conflicts quickly and efficiently. One way to protect legal interests is to include dispute resolution mechanisms in construction contracts.

Arbitration and mediation are two standard methods of resolving disputes in the construction industry. Arbitration is a legal process in which a neutral third party (the arbitrator) hears both sides of a dispute and issues a binding decision. Mediation is a non-binding process in which a neutral third party (a mediator) facilitates parties’ negotiations to settle.

3. Insurance Protections

Property developers and builders in Bangladesh rely heavily on insurance for legal protection. They should carry insurance to cover risks such as property damage, third-party liability, and workplace injuries.

Builders’ risk insurance is a type of policy that protects against damage to a building under construction. Liability insurance covers third-party claims resulting from construction projects, such as on-site accidents.

4. Compliance with Building Regulations

Builders in Bangladesh must follow the Building Construction Act of 1952 and the Bangladesh National Building Code (BNBC) to avoid legal action and ensure the safety and sustainability of their construction projects.

Property developers and builders must adhere to the BNBC to get approval for their construction projects. The BNBC lays out guidelines for building design, structural safety, fire safety, and environmental regulations. Failure to comply with the BNBC may result in legal action, fines, or even the building’s demolition.

5. Intellectual Property Protections

Property developers and builders in Bangladesh must also protect their intellectual property, which includes trademarks, copyrights, and patents. They must protect their intellectual property rights in order to avoid infringement and the theft of their ideas.


In conclusion, building construction rules are a crucial aspect of property development and construction in Bangladesh. You require legal safeguards to ensure that your investments are safe and that your projects are completed successfully. Contractual protections, dispute resolution mechanisms, insurance coverage, building code compliance, and intellectual property protections are all examples of legal safeguards.

Lawyers can assist property developers and builders with various issues, including disputes with contractors or subcontractors, environmental compliance, and intellectual property protection. Lawyers can help them navigate the legal complexities of the construction industry and protect their legal interests.

Frequently Asked Questions

Why is interpretation in law important?

Law interpretation is important because human language is inherently ambiguous, and even carefully drafted legislation can be read in multiple ways. Having objective methods of legal interpretation available assists jurists, attorneys, and lay people in understanding how the law as written applies to various cases, including those that the law’s authors did not anticipate.

What are the three rules of construction?

There are three commonly recognized principles for construing contracts: the interpretation that benefits the non-drafting party, the enforceability principle, and the plain meaning rule. According to the plain meaning rule, the terms used in the contract shall be interpreted in accordance with common and prevailing usage. According to the enforceability rule, courts will read a contract as though it were enforceable on its face. If there is any ambiguity, the party who did not draft the contract will win in court.

What are the types of interpretation in law?

The three primary approaches to legal interpretation are purposivism, intentionalism, and textualism. Textualism only considers the text contained in the document. Intentionalism seeks to clarify provisions by examining the drafters’ intentions. Purposivism examines the overarching goal of the law to determine how a specific provision advances that goal.

Send Us A Message

Share on social media :